Candida or yeast infection

Candida is not actually an STI. It is caused by a fungus that is normally present in a lot of people. Candida is harmless, but the symptoms can be very unpleasant.

What is it?

Candida is caused by a harmless fungus. Candida does not occur through sexual contact, but you can pass it on during sex. Candida can appear on the genitals, in the mouth, in the rectum and on the skin. It is the most common vaginal infection.


Men Women
Redness Itching (this can be severe)


Burning sensation
Itching Red swollen mucus membranes of the labia
Flaky skin Thick white vaginal discharge
Small red lumps, rash White deposits or dots on the mucus membrane of the vagina
White deposit Pain when urinating
Pain when urinating Pain during sex

If you have HIV, AIDS or diabetes, candida can cause serious symptoms.

Have I got it?

Three in four women have candida at some time or another. Women in particular have symptoms. You often get candida around the time of your period. It can also increase if you have weakened resistance or are using medication. Men usually have no symptoms at all. A smear test is used to diagnose candida in women. Visible symptoms are used to diagnose it in men.

How do I get rid of it?

You only receive treatment for candida if you have symptoms. It is treated with a cream for the vagina or penis, or with a suppository. With serious symptoms, you may need to take capsules for a longer period. The infection can return.


  • If you have symptoms, go to the doctor for a smear test
  • Do not have unprotected sex until the infection has gone
  • Allow your body to rest during treatment (avoid sex)
  • Wash your vagina with water only
  • Do not use vaginal sprays
  • Change tampons regularly