There are vaccinations available against some STIs, like hepatitis B. In addition, people who have been exposed to hepatitis B or HIV are eligible for treatment to prevent transmission.
All babies born after 1 August 2011 are vaccinated against hepatitis B. In addition, people who have higher risk of infection are eligible for vaccination. Vaccination usually involves three injections over six months. Go to a doctor or municipal health service (GGD) for vaccination. Target groups include:
- Housemates of someone with hepatitis B
- Sexual partners of someone with hepatitis B
- People travelling to Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and Latin America
- Sex workers
- Men who have sex with men
- People who have been directly exposed to hepatitis B. Treatment should take place within 24 hours to 7 days after possible infection
Preventive HIV treatment
If you have been directly exposed to HIV, you can get PEP treatment. This should be done within 72 hours at most. The risk of HIV can also be prevented with microbicides. These are agents that are applied to the inside of the vagina or anus to reduce the risk of HIV transmission.